Workmen Compensation

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For any organization, employees are the most valuable tangible assets. The human asset needs the most in the evolution of business in this competitive and dynamic business world.  It’s important to safeguard the company’s human assets from any workplace hazards. There are some job profiles that would involve a higher risk of injury and even death. Workmen’s compensation is the most effective solution for this. As per Workmen Compensation Act, 1923 it’s mandatory for companies to seek workmen compensation insurance cover for employees working in hazardous situations. 

Workmen Compensation Insurance – an Overview
Workmen compensation policy is an insurance program that helps the company to protect its employees when he/she suffers an injury or die during the course of employment. Hence, the compensation under the workmen’s compensation policy is payable as per the norms of the Workmen’s Compensation Act of India, monitored by the Ministry of Labour. The workmen’s compensation policy covers the statutory liability of the company or firm or any employer for death or physical injuries caused to employees. due to workplace accidents while performing job duties. 

Workmen’s compensation policy provides coverage mainly in two forms mentioned below.

  • Table A – table A policies offer coverage for the company’s statutory liabilities to employees as per the terms of:
  1. The Workmen Compensation Act, 1923. And any subsequent amendments to the said Act. Before the policy insurance.
  2. The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855. And any subsequent amendments to the said Act. Before the policy issuance.
  3. The Common Law

 

  • Table B – table B policies offer coverage for the company’s statutory liabilities to employees as per the terms of:
  1. The Fatal Accidents Act, 1855. And any subsequent amendments to the said Act.
  2. The Common Law

Coverage offered under Workmen compensation policy :

  • Death: Employer’s statutory liabilities to employees when the employee dies in a workplace accident or illness. Therefore, Compensation is payable as mentioned in the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923. Compensation payable will be higher of INR. 1, 20,000, or 50% of monthly wages X relevant factor (based on age) stated in Schedule IV of the Workmen Compensation Act, 1923.
  • Permanent total disablement: Policy covers employer’s statutory liabilities to employees when the injury is caused due to a workplace accident or illness. As a result, in permanent total disablement. Compensation payable will be higher of INR. 1, 40,000, or 60% of monthly wages X relevant factor (based on age) stated in Schedule IV of the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923.
  • Permanent partial disablement: Policy covers employer’s statutory liabilities to employees when the injury is caused due to a workplace accident or illness. As a result, in permanent partial disablement, the calculation of compensation would be according to the permanent total disablement. As well as, depending on the percentage of disability
  • Temporary disablement: policy covers the employer’s statutory liabilities to employees when workplace injuries or illnesses result in temporary disablement. Therefore, 25% of the monthly wages is payable as compensation on a half-monthly basis.

 

  • Medical and legal expenses

Apart from these, there are many add-on covers or optional riders are offered under the workmen compensation policy.  Some of the riders offered are as follows:

  • Cover for contractor liability
  • Occupational illness, etc

Exclusions in workmen compensation policy :

Following are some of the exclusions in workmen compensation policy

  • Workplace accidents causing injuries. As a result, in invasion or mutiny or some hostility and all sorts of revolution, rebellion, or military power are excluded from workmen’s compensation policy.
  • It excludes all liabilities of the insured’s contractors and their employees.
  • It excludes all liabilities which have been included in a particular contract. In fact, it does not declare at the time of the policy which under normal circumstances would not have been a liability
  • Any injury or accident occurs at the workplace. Especially, negligence under intoxication and alcohol or even drug usage.
  • All self-inflicted injuries are caused by non-compliance or by disobeying certain laws and rules.

Who can buy a workmen’s compensation policy?

Any employer who employs ‘workmen’ as defined in the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 can buy a workmen’s compensation policy, and employees who are not defined as per the term ‘workmen’ in the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 can also be covered under Table B workmen compensation policy.

Some of the examples of businesses/employers who can seek workmen compensation insurance cover are as below –

  • Nuclear firms or companies 
  • Engineering firms and civil contractors
  • Businesses that employ workers on a contract basis
  • Builders and construction companies
  • Farming companies
  • Establishment of companies employing watchmen
  • Indian companies or firms hiring workers abroad for menial jobs
  • Shipowners and shipping companies, etc.

Click here to know whether your business needs a workmen compensation insurance policy.

Benefits of workmen compensation policy :

Following are some of the main advantages of workmen compensation policy

  • The policy provides legal liability cover to employers to safeguard them against lawsuits from employees. Therefore relating to death and injuries caused by workplace accidents.
  • It provides protection to employees by way of covering job-related illnesses like asthma and bronchitis etc.
  • The policy provides comprehensive protection to employees. In addition, giving them coverage for income loss along with, rehabilitation expenses
  •  Employees and employers do not have to pay extra costs with additional covers and extensions.

Workmen compensation policy offers bilinear benefit to an employer and the employee. Besides, for most businesses, a workmen’s compensation policy is a statutory requirement not just as a statutory need, every business needs a workmen’s compensation policy to protect its most valuable asset-human resources. Click here to buy the right workmen compensation insurance policy.

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