ImageMarine Hull Insurance- Benefits, Eligibility, Coverage & Claim Process

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  • > Quick Guide to Hull Insurance
  • > Frequently Asked Questions
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The Benefits of Hull Insurance

Comprehensive Coverage

A Marine Hull insurance policy provides complete protection to the hull and machinery of your vessel from loss or damage due to a range of perils like fire, explosion, robbery, collision and other ship-damaging risks.

Flexible Plan

You have the flexibility to buy Marine Hull insurance to protect your ship or yacht either for a specific journey, or to cover your vessel for a specific period of time irrespective of its voyages, which is usually 12 months.

Inland Vessels Covered

A Marine Hull insurance policy can cover vessels that use inland waterways, against a wide range of risks such as collision or piracy, and against raising, removal or destruction of wrecks etc. The sinking of a ship can also be covered.

Easy Documentation

Buying Marine Hull insurance is quick and easy. The sum assured for Hull and Machinery insurance is as per the agreed value, which is equivalent to or approximately the cost of the vessel to be insured.

Quick Guide to Hull Insurance

What is Hull Insurance?

Hull insurance is a type of insurance that covers physical damage to a ship or boat, as well as machinery and equipment on board. This type of insurance is typically purchased by shipowners, boat owners, and marine businesses to protect against a range of risks associated with owning and operating vessels.

Hull insurance can cover a variety of risks, including damage from collisions, grounding, storms, and other perils. Policies can also cover loss of equipment and machinery, as well as salvage and towage costs in the event of an accident.

In addition to standard marine hull insurance, there are several specialized types of coverage available. For example, "builder's risk" insurance is designed to cover a new vessel during the construction process, while "war risk" insurance provides coverage for ships operating in areas of political unrest or conflict.

Premiums for hull insurance are based on a variety of factors, including the type and age of the vessel, the value of the equipment on board, the operating area, and the level of risk associated with the vessel's intended use.

Overall, hull marine insurance is an important form of protection for ship and boat owners, providing financial security in the event of accidents or other unforeseen events. By purchasing hull insurance, owners can help mitigate the financial risks associated with owning and operating vessels and ensure that they are prepared for whatever challenges they may face on the water.

Features of Hull Insurance

Ships face numerous risks on the sea, such as collisions with other vessels or objects, damage from storms and other natural disasters, and equipment failure. Hull insurance helps protect shipowners from the financial consequences of these risks. It has two main types, that is, Comprehensive Cover and Specific Perils Coverage policies. The main features of hull insurance are:

  • Coverage for physical damage - Covers physical damage to the insured vessel, including damage from collisions, storms, and other accidents.
  • All-risk coverage - It covers all types of damage unless specifically excluded in the policy.
  • Agreed value coverage - The policy typically provides coverage for an agreed-upon value of the vessel, which is determined at the time the policy is issued.
  • Salvage and recovery - Hull insurance also provides coverage for the cost of salvaging and recovering the vessel in the event of an accident or loss.
  • Deductibles - Like other types of insurance, hull insurance policies may include deductibles, which are the portion of the loss that the insured is responsible for paying.
  • Optional coverage - Some hull insurance policies may offer optional coverage for items such as personal effects, fishing equipment, and liability for third-party damage.
  • Premiums - The cost of hull insurance premiums will vary depending on factors such as the value of the vessel, its age, and the coverage limits selected.

Depending on vessels’ operational area policy can be Inland water vessels insurance, Marine vessel insurance, Coastal marine insurance, and Aviation hull insurance.

Benefits of Hull Insurance

Hull insurance is an essential type of insurance for vessel owners and operators. The following are some of the key benefits of hull insurance:

  • Protection against financial losses - Hull insurance provides coverage for damages or losses to a vessel, which can help to mitigate the financial impact of repairs or replacement costs.
  • Liability coverage - Hull insurance also covers liability for damages or losses caused to other vessels or property, bodily injury to passengers, crew, or third parties, and pollution caused by the vessel.
  • Peace of mind - By having hull insurance in place, vessel owners and operators can have peace of mind knowing that they are protected against potential financial losses and liabilities.
  • Compliance with regulations - Hull insurance is often required by law or by lenders for vessels that are being financed.
  • Flexible coverage options - Hull insurance policies can be customized to meet the specific needs of the vessel owner or operator, with options for different levels of coverage and deductibles.
  • Assistance with claims - In the event of a covered loss, the insurer can provide assistance with the claims process, which can help to expedite the repair or replacement of the vessel.

It is important to consider both advantages and disadvantages of marine insurance before buying a policy. But when it comes to financial protection of parties owing or operating vessels, advantages far out-weigh the disadvantages of marine insurance.

What Does Hull Insurance Cover?

Hull insurance includes fixtures attached to the ship hull as a functional part, into the definition of the hull. Since the policy mostly applies to water-going vessels, it is more popularly called Marine Hull Insurance and is a part of marine insurance.

It covers all types of vessels operating in the oceans, lakes, and rivers like bulk carriers, fishing boats, ships, tankers, cruises, yachts, jetties, and wharves.

The policy plays an important role in helping boat owners to secure their vehicles against machinery damage and destruction of hulls, fittings, liabilities, etc. Mainly the policy insures against the following perils of the sea:

  • Destruction of hull
  • Damage to machinery
  • Disbursement losses
  • Ship-breaking losses
  • Fittings and freight

Hull insurance policies can also include third-party liability such as cover for losses or damages caused by your vessels to other ships or boats, or injury to the ship workers.

Case on Hull Insurance
Couch Adventurer Ltd. operates three ocean liners equipped with five-star facilities. The ships are large and have multiple safety features, apart from satellite connectivity and ocean early warning systems.

A crew manned each ship with approximately 200 on a normal workday and carries a maximum of 1000 passengers. Since any accident leads to a huge loss of public life. Therefore, the license of Couch Adventurer insured the ship with a comprehensive marine hull policy.

The policy not only covers damages to the ship due to a mishap, but it also covers the compensation payable to the employees and tourists on the ship.

The company also maintains contingency funds to meet with certain expenses not covered by the insurer. Such as injury to passengers or crew members while boarding or debarking the ship on a pier, etc.

Hull Insurance for Financial Safety of Shipper

Godavari Shipping Ltd. is the second-largest shipping company running river transport in the country. The firm manages 20 river vessels including 5 with passenger-carrying capacity.

In some areas, the company reported, damaged ships due to collisions with other boats and fishing vessels.

Also Check - What is not covered under marine insurance?

To recover such losses, marine hull insurance is a must for the firm. At times, facing issues such as a discarded fishing net stuck in the underwater turboprop blades. As a result, the ship had to be under repairs.

Such incidents not only increase the cost of repairs and operations but also cause the firm to lose part of its revenue due to the cessation of operations of the ship.

Losses due to claims payable to third parties after collision with their vessel are rare but also covered by the hull insurance bought by the company.

Other than that, Godavari provides sufficient training to their staff for better performance and emergency handling processes as well, which helps in reducing avoidable losses.

The firm faced a situation where the ship’s crew had to abandon some of the goods midway to save the vessel and remaining cargo. They had to disburse the repair cost for an emergency repair at the next port. Which was not the destination port and had to pay general average liability for the lost goods.

Documents Required for Hull Insurance Policy in India

Documents required for Hull Insurance claim are noted below:

  • Application form - You will need to fill out an application form with your personal details and information about your vessel, including its make, model, and year of manufacture.
  • Registration certificate - A copy of the vessel's registration certificate is required to verify ownership and other details.
  • Builder's certificate - If the vessel is newly built, a builder's certificate is required to confirm its construction and quality.
  • Proof of value - You will need to provide proof of the vessel's value, such as an invoice or a valuation certificate from a certified surveyor.
  • Previous insurance policy - If you are renewing an existing hull insurance policy, you will need to provide a copy of the previous policy.
  • Safety certificates - Depending on the type of vessel, you may need to provide safety certificates such as a load line certificate or a safety equipment certificate.

It is crucial to note that the documents required for hull insurance claim may vary depending on the insurer and the terms and conditions of the hull insurance policy. It is recommended to carefully review the policy documents and requirements before applying for coverage.

Hull Insurance Policy Claim Process in India

In India, the claim process for a hull insurance claim process typically involves the following steps:

  • Notify the insurer - The first step in the claim process is to inform the insurer about the loss or damage to the vessel. This should be done as soon as possible to ensure that the claim process can begin promptly.
  • Submit the claim form - The insurer will provide a claim form that needs to be filled out with details about the loss or damage. Supporting documents such as photographs, bills, and repair estimates should also be submitted along with the claim form.
  • Survey of the damage - The insurer may appoint a surveyor to assess the extent of the damage or loss. The surveyor will submit a report to the insurer, which will be used to determine the amount of the claim.
  • Settlement of the claim - Once the claim is approved, the insurer will settle the claim by either repairing the damage or providing compensation for the loss.

It is important to note that the specific steps in a hull insurance claim process may vary depending on the terms and conditions of the hull insurance policy.

Difference between marine Cargo, hull and machinery insurance policy

A marine cargo, marine hull and machinery insurance policy is a type of insurance that provides coverage for physical damage to a ship or boat, as well as the cargo being transported. The policy typically includes the following components:

  • Hull and machinery insurance - This covers physical damage to the insured vessel, including damage from collisions, storms, and other accidents.
  • Cargo insurance - This covers the goods being transported, including damage or loss caused by accidents, theft, and other risks during transit.
  • Liability insurance - This covers damage or injury caused to third parties, such as other vessels or property, as a result of the insured vessel's operations.

The policy may also include additional coverage for things like salvage and recovery, wreck removal, and personal effects. Premiums for this type of policy will vary depending on the value of the vessel and the cargo being transported, as well as the coverage limits selected.

It's important to carefully review the terms and coverage of a marine cargo, marine hull and machinery insurance policy to ensure that it meets your specific needs and requirements. A licensed insurance broker or agent can help you understand your options and select the right policy for your situation.

Frequently Asked Questions

A Marine hull insurance works by compensating the boat or ship owner in case the vessel gets damaged due to perils covered under the policy. This policy pays for any repairs or replacement done in the hull and machinery of the vessel due to any total or partial loss, hence offering financial protection to the boat owners.
Yes, hull insurance is a type of marine insurance that is specifically designed to cover for your ships or vessels transporting goods via waterways.
  • A cargo insurance covers for the goods and commodities in transit, while a hull insurance insures the hull of the vessel/ship and the machinery against damages.
  • Cargo insurance policy is bought to protect the goods transported via any means of transportation, i.e., air, water, road or rail. But a hull insurance policy is designed to specifically protect ships or vessels while movement via the waterways.
  • Insuropedia

    What is Hull Insurance?

    Hull insurance is an insurance policy especially designed for covering ship damage expenses, the ‘Hull’ refers to the main body of the ship. Hull insurance can be understood to be somewhat like a car insurance, with the difference being that it is meant for a water-faring vehicle instead being for of a land-faring vehicle.

    Hull insurance also includes any fixtures attached..

    Read More

    What is a constructive total loss in Marine Hull insurance policy?

    A constructive total loss in marine hull insurance means that the cost of repair of a damaged ship/vessel is more than the value of the ship/vessel.

    In a constructive total loss, the insured vessel is abandoned as its actual total loss appears to be unavoidable. Retrieving the ship from the place where it is abandoned...

    Read More

    What is Insurable Interest for Different Parties under Marine Hull Policies?

    The different parties which can take the cover under the Marine Hull Policies are as follows: Ship owners, Shipbuilders, charterers, bankers, financiers of Ships or vessels who have Insurable interest.

    Ship owner’s insurable interest: The marine hull policies cover the ship’s body or her ‘Hull’, also the ship’s machinery...

    Read More

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