Marine Insurance

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A marine insurance policy works wonders by covering you and your consignment against a myriad of perils like fire, earthquake, lightning, washing overboard, etc. The policy comes loaded with various clauses in Marine insurance, some are listed below:

1. Institute Cargo Clause A

The clause covers all the risks of loss or damages to goods.

2. Institute Cargo Clause B

As compared to the Institute Cargo Clause A, this clause covers lesser risks.

3. Institute Cargo Clause C

It covers the least number of risks.

4. Valuation Clause

The value of the subject is stated in the marine insurance policy document. It is the value that agrees upon by both the parties— the marine insurance company and the policyholder. In case of any loss or damage, the compensation would not be more than the valuation amount stated in the policy document.

5. At and From’ Clause

The clause states the time when the risk will start. As per the clause, the risk cover would start when the ship is at the port of departure and from the time it leaves the port. For instance, if the insurance policy states the words, ‘at and from Mumbai’, it means the risk would be covered when the ship arrives at Mumbai port and also when it leaves this port.

6. Sue and Labour Clause

This clause states that if the policyholder has spent some money in order to save the goods from an impending loss, then he/she can recover the same amount from the insurance company. However, here the act of saving the subject matter on curtailing loss is unconsidered a deviation, and therefore, if such a thing happens, the insurance policy will not become void.

7. Warehouse to Warehouse Clause

The clause covers risks from the warehouse of the shipper to the warehouse at the destination. However, if cargo is required to be bought from the hinterland to the port, a marine insurance policy will cover those risks which may arise on land and also at sea.

8. Change of Voyage

A marine insurance policy mentions the details of the voyage, including the ports of departure and arrival. Besides, the insurance policy clearly mentions the route that the ship needs to follow. If there were a deviation in the voyage, the marine insurance company would not be liable to settle the claim. Also, if the ship deviates from its original route, however, follows the same route, later on, it would consider a deviation. The insurer would not be liable to indemnify the loss in case of any change in the original route.

Read more: Quick Guide Getting Right Marine Insurance Policy

9. Touch and Stay Clause

As per the clause, it is essential for the ship to go and stay at the ports likewise, as mentioned in the marine insurance policy. In case, if not mentioned ports, the ship should follow the customary route and stay at the port which is coming on that route only. In case the ship goes to any other port, it should be under consideration as a deviation. Note, that there must be justifiable reasons behind calling at ports.

10. Inchmaree Clause

As per the clause, loss caused by the negligence of the master or crew member covers under the marine insurance policy. Further, losses or damages which arise to the cargo while loading and unloading operations are also recoverable.

11. Jettison

It means, throwing off certain goods to lighten the load and secure the ship in an emergency situation to avoid a marine peril. It is necessary the jettison completes intentionally.

12. Memorandum Clause

The clause may intend to save the insurance company from paying losses of perishable goods. Under this clause, the policyholder would not be liable to pay partial losses.